Artificial intelligence (AI) is set to become a versatile technology, the effects of which will be perceptible in many areas: from health to education and defense. If an AI capable of taking all the human decisions exists for the moment only in fictional works, the technologies making it possible to carry out complex tasks, more quickly and in fields more and more specialized already exist. Nevertheless, the integration of AI into society could have repercussions on economic, social and political models, with still uncertain effects: what concerns should we have in terms of security, transparency and transparency? responsibility, including those related to poor decision-making? What are the upheavals to be expected in the job market? What malicious uses of AI (eg in armed conflict and cyber-conflicts) can we fear?
In this context, some, like the Villani report, call for answers to these questions by proposing a European scale action plan for the development of AI, in order to respond to the ambitious strategies already in place. put in place in this area by China and the United States. In this respect, the Commission has defined the three pillars of this strategy: 1) to promote development and technological innovations by encouraging their adoption by public and private actors; 2) prevent the socio-economic changes brought about by the AI; and 3) to ensure an appropriate ethical and legal framework. Are these answers appropriate to the challenges that AI seems to pose today?
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