of the EU, including the recent Commission initiative to launch a "European Pillar of Social Rights".
This Tribune by Frank Vandenbroucke, our social affairs adviser, explores two options: a genuine European Unemployment Insurance and a model of “Reinsurance”. Both require social convergence, a challenge that is also identified by the recent Commission initiative to launch a “European Pillar of Social Rights”. However, the governance method and the flexibility with which convergence is pursued in these models differ. With regard to the problem of moral hazard, they also offer different perspectives. Politically, the reinsurance option may better reflect the idea that a European social union should be a union of welfare states, rather than a European welfare state.