For almost a hundred days, the Ukrainians have been engaged in a fight to the death for the survival of their country. The European Union is supporting them by sending arms, including heavy weapons, by taking in millions of displaced persons, by providing economic and financial assistance, by supporting criminal investigations and by imposing sanctions on the aggressor, Vladimir Putin’s regime, as never before. In so doing, the EU-27 are not only seeking to make the Kremlin pay the price for its invasion. They are gradually freeing themselves from their dependence on Russian hydrocarbons. The quasi-embargo on oil decreed not without difficulty by the European Council for the end of this year marks a new stage, after the embargo on coal set for this August.
But these are also a point of no return. The alternatives, which involve diversifying supplies, increasing the share of renewable energies and reviewing our consumption patterns (see our video clip and our article on sufficiency), will not only eventually dry up the Russian energy rent but will also restructure our economic model to give Europeans their independence in this strategic area. On the condition that we do not substitute one dependency for another, such as the import of liquefied natural gas (LNG).
The same goes for defense. The German parliament is preparing to vote an unprecedented increase in its military budget, by creating a special fund of 100 billion euros, to make up for lost time. In many countries, national defence spending is rising sharply. In Europe, the time has come for rearmament. But here too, equipment and its subcontracting chain must not accentuate an already very strong American dependence.
This is why this European independence cannot be declared by one country alone, but must be built in the greatest possible unity. It is significant that the very Atlanticist Denmark now wants to join the Common European Defence and Security Policy, as was to be decided in a referendum held in that country on the 1st of June. Beyond the reaction to the war in Ukraine, industrial alliances are emerging to give Europe more autonomy in key technologies. These are the “important projects of common European interest”, which are being set up among several countries, on batteries, hydrogen, semiconductors, the cloud or even pharmaceuticals. Like vaccines during Covid, joint purchases of gas and arms are another way of acting as Europeans. The hoped-for creation of new own resources, guarantees of budgetary independence, will also contribute to this.
All of these initiatives, which have yet to be put into practice and to have their effects translated into reality, point to a certain power, which the European Union is in the process of developing. In order to move forward with the most active, it will not be able to avoid a debate on its governance and its institutions, which is also called for by its enlargement, the terms of which have already been radically changed by the war.
MENTIONS LÉGALES Edition du site
Le site www.institutdelors.eu est un site édité par l’Institut Jacques Delors. L’Institut Jacques Delors est une association loi 1901 dont le siège social est à Paris (75009) au 18, rue de Londres. L’association est représentée par sa directrice, Sylvie Matelly. Les propos et textes édités sur ce site n’engagent que la responsabilité de leur auteur. Directrice de la publication : Sylvie Matelly. Présidents : Enrico Letta, Pascal Lamy, Jacques Delors. Propriété intellectuelle
L’ensemble de ce site relève de la législation française et internationale sur le droit d’auteur et la propriété intellectuelle. Tous les droits de reproductions sont réservés, y compris les représentations iconographiques et photographiques. Données personnelles
Se référer à notre politique de confidentialité. Modification du site
L’équipe éditoriale se réserve le droit de modifier ou de corriger le contenu de ce site et de ces mentions légales à tout moment et ceci sans préavis. Hébergeur
Le site www.institutdelors est hébergé par la société OVH, SAS au capital de 10 069 020 € RCS Lille Métropole 424 761 419 00045. Code APE 2620Z N° TVA : FR 22 424 761 419. Siège social : 2 rue Kellermann – 59100 Roubaix – France. Directeur de la publication : Octave KLABA.