Policy paper 290

Advocating gradual accession to the European Union

Recommended citation
Macek L. 2023. “Advocating gradual accession to the European Union“, Policy paper, Paris: Jacques Delors Institute, May.


Faced with the new geopolitical reality brought about by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the European Union must seriously reconsider the issue of furthering the enlargement process, in particular towards two groups of countries: the Western Balkans and the “Eastern trio”, namely Ukraine and Moldova (which already enjoy candidate status) and Georgia (for which only a “European perspective” is recognised).