Defard C. 2023. “The EU Green Deal in a volatile world“, Other Document, Paris: Jacques Delors Institute, March.
The EU ambition to be the first region in the world to be emission free is not only an issue of political will but also of economic capability and outlook to get there. EU’s energy dependency had a substantial impact on its competiveness globally and this has only increased with the war in Ukraine. Camille Defard is Head of the Jacques Delors Energy Center and Research Fellow in EU Energy Policy. In this article, she analyses the geo-economic challenges, be it from the East or the West, the European Union faces in its energy transition ambitions and which aspects the EU needs to address to successfully navigate towards decarbonisation without losing its economic edge.