Professor of European law at the University of Tilburg and former member of the Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR) until 2008. She graduated in law from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and obtained an MA in Socio-Legal Studies from the University of Sheffield. She obtained her doctorate (cum laude) from Leiden University. She is also Of Counsel to Allen & Overy, Amsterdam. She specialises in European and Dutch law relating to network sectors including gas, electricity, telecoms, transport, post and water. Her expertise is primarily in the field of interconnection between competition law and sector-specific regulation state aid and cross-subsidisation.