The crises hitting many European democracies take root in causes that are both cyclical and structural, national and international. The democratisation of the European Union is making constant progress
, and yet the economic and financial crisis, the advance of globalisation and the rise in new communication networks have put European political systems to the test
. Since it is based on national democracies to a great extent, the EU is also affected by the current trend of destabilisation
. Moreover, the European construction has been subject to a popular demand for increased transparency and participation
. Nevertheless, it is important to stress the difference between a popularity deficit and a democratic deficit
, but also to highlight the divisions between European peoples as an element of a political crisis
, rather than a democratic crisis.
In this Policy Paper, Yves Bertoncini
, president of the Mouvement Européen France and European Affairs Consultant, highlights the fact that national democracies disrupted by a triple legitimacy crisis
, while explaining that the democratic deficit of the EU will not be a never ending debate and that we should become more united in diversity.
This Policy Paper was written for the Vision Europe Summit 2017.
Vision Europe is a consortium of think tanks and foundations collaborating since 2015 to address some of the most pressing public policy challenges facing Europe. Vision Europe other participating organizations are: Bertelsmann Stiftung (Germany), Bruegel (Belgium), Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (Portugal), Chatham House (UK), Compagnia di San Paolo (Italy), The Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra (Finland), and CASE – Center for Social and Economic Research (Poland).
For more information about the project please refer to www.vision-europe-summit.eu and follow the twitter hashtag #VisionEurope.